Nervous system and nervous tissue

You see below how the synapses reach out and touch the dendrites? Respond via muscle or glandular action We have 4 divisions of the Peripheral Nervous System PNS Somatic sensory system are widely spread throughout the body that deal with touch, pain, vibration, pressure, temperature, proprioception, hearing, balance and vision.

The cell body is the portion of a neuron that contains the large, spherical nucleus. Most of the cell bodies are located in the CNS, Nervous system and nervous tissue is why someone may not have a limb anymore, but feel like they still do, or even have phantom pain, which we will discuss later on.

The tissue is categorized by its neuronal and neuroglial components. In the central nervous system CNSthe tissue types found are grey matter and white matter. Signals from the internal or external environment are received by the neurons and then transmitted as electrical impulses to muscles, glands, the central nervous system or other neurons.

Their function is to provide support, nutrition and insulation for the neurons. Nerve impulses are carried over an axon within cranial or spinal nerves to Nervous system and nervous tissue CNS. The most superficial layer forms the neurilemma, which is essential for axon regeneration after injury.

Dendrites increase surface area. This includes the sympathetic division fight or flight and parasympathetic division rest and digest which include the autonomic nervous system. The scientific medical field is working to find a solution to severe damage, seeking new and forward-thinking ways to help afflicted people.

Axons lacking a myelin sheath are referred to as unmyelinated axons and have a much slower speed of nerve impulse transmission. Types of Neurons Neurons relay messages between different nerves. Nerves are composed of myelinated and unmyelinated axons, Schwann cells surrounded by connective tissue.

Most of the neurons whose cell bodies are located in the brain and spinal cord are multipolar neurons. The motor neurons move the action potential from the central nervous system to the effector organs, such as muscles or glands.

Sensory neurons carry nerve impulses from the peripheral parts of the body to the CNS. Unipolar neurons carry nerve impulses from sensory receptors to the CNS. Found in the enteric nervous systemwithin the gastrointestinal tract.

Clusters of cell bodies of unipolar neurons often form ganglia singular, ganglionwhich are located in the PNS. Purpose of Neurons Overall, neurons are responsible for the reception, propagation and conduction of nerve impulses.

In the central nervous system we have… Astrocytes. Relay an action potential out of the CNS to the proper effector muscles, glands Interneurons: Astrocytes also join with the epithelium of blood vessels to form the blood-brain barrier, which protects neurons by tightly regulating the exchange of materials between the blood and neurons.

Structure[ edit ] Nervous tissue is composed of neuronsalso called nerve cells, and neuroglial cells. An axon, or nerve fiber, is a long, thin process of a neuron. The neuroglia provide support for the neurons.

Sensory neurons that have two processes coming off the soma, one dendrite and one axon Pseudounipolar neurons: They are smaller than neurons, and vary in structure according to their function.

Motor neurons are multipolar neurons table 8. They last a life time, hopefully, and the advantage is that they store memory but if they are destroyed they cannot be replaced. Two types of neuronal processes extend from the cell body: Nervous Tissue Two main cell types, neurons and neuroglia.

Renin-Angiotensin System And Atrial Natriuretic Peptides Microglial cells are scattered throughout the CNS, where they keep the tissues clean by engulfing and digesting cellular debris and pathogens.

There are six different levels of injury, the first-degree being the least impactful with recovery within days or months, whereas the sixth-degree is the most severe type of injury. Dendrites are thin, branching projections that receive electrochemical signaling neurotransmitters to create a change in voltage in the cell.

Somatic motor system deals with voluntary skeletal muscle contractions Visceral sensory system deals with stretching, pain, temperature, nausea, hunger, taste and smell. Neurons also require lots of oxygen and glucose and will die within 5 minutes without oxygen.

These cells are smaller than neurons. The sensory neurons function in the opposite manner, moving the action potential from the sensory organs to the central nervous system.

This plays a very important role in the protection and support of the nerve fibers and also serves to prevent the passage of large molecules from the epineurium into a fascicle. For example, vitamin C and spearmint promote tissue growth, as does folate.Disorders of the central nervous system can affect either the brain or the spinal cord and can be due to trauma, infection, autoimmune disorders, tissue degeneration, strokes, or tumors.

Examples of nervous-system disorders include Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and meningitis.

Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue

Aug 08,  · The nervous system consists of organs composed primarily of nervous tissue supported and protected by connective tissues. There are two types of cells that compose nervous tissue: neurons and neuroglia.

Neurons Neurons, or nerve cells, are the structural and functional units of the nervous system/5(50). Nervous tissue is one of four major classes of tissues and makes up the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.

Integration and communication are the two major functions of nervous tissue. Nervous tissue contains two categories of cells — neurons and neuroglia. Nervous tissue is the primary tissue that composes the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.

Neurons are the basic unit of nervous tissue. They are responsible for sensing stimuli and transmitting signals to and from different parts of an organism. The nervous system is split into two sections.

One is the central nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord while the peripheral nervous system includes the cranial and spinal nervous and provides the communication between the CNS and the rest of the body. Nervous tissue is composed of two types of cells, neurons and glial cells.

What Is the Function of Nervous Tissue?

Neurons are the primary type of cell that most anyone associates with the nervous system. They are responsible for the computation and communication that the nervous system provides.

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Nervous system and nervous tissue
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