A viremic traveler returning to his home after a visit to India was the index case that led to subsequent autocthonous transmission with local Ae. Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on infected persons.
Also, information on the prevalence of viral diseases such as influenza virus, rotavirus and adenovirus is limited. This study aimed to identify viral etiologies as a cause of fever in children and co-infections among viral diseases and malaria.
Knowledge on occurrence of viral etiologies of febrile illnesses, occurring either as isolated cases or as concomitant with malaria will make clinicians more responsive to consider viral infectious agents as important causes of febrile illnesses in routine diagnosis and management of febrile patients.
Diseases such as urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, and typhoid fever are among the most common particularly in children . Information on countries experiencing CHIK outbreaks is available at: The area has semi humid climate with an average rainfall of mm annually.
Follow-up studies revealed that 1 point mutation in the E1 glycoprotein increased infectivity in Ae. Most patients with Chikungunya and dengue infections were treated with antibacterials. Additional symptoms that can occur during the acute illness include headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and conjunctivitis; myalgias, although not specific for febrile illnesses, occur very commonly.
The lack of diagnostic facilities in developing countries leads to failure to estimate the true burden of such illnesses, and generally the diseases are underreported.
Asian tiger mosquitoes lay eggs exclusively in containers of water that are outdoors around the home. This outbreak suggested for the first time the significant potential of the virus to move to novel ecological niches, including Europe, Australia, and the Western Hemisphere.
Therefore, this will assist in the management of febrile patients and ultimately reduce the overuse of anti-malarials.
In these areas, sporadic human cases occur, but large human outbreaks are infrequent. For additional information, please visit: The fevers typically last from several days up to 2 weeks and can be biphasic in nature [ 3637 ].
In December ofit was discovered to be established in the Caribbean region of the Americas. In addition, in the absence of diagnostic facilities including malaria Rapid Diagnostic Tests mRDTsthe ultimate diagnosis of a febrile illness is reached mostly based on clinical ground and thus most fever cases are presumed to be malaria and treated with unwarranted anti-malarial drugs .
Lack of diagnostic facilities in most health care facilities makes it difficult to estimate the true prevalence of such illnesses and in most cases the diseases are underreported .
Methods A cross sectional study was conducted for 6 months at Kilosa district hospital, Tanzania. The epidemics resulted in significant morbidity and taxed the health care and public health infrastructure in these regions.
This study aimed to identify viral etiologies as a cause of fever in children and their co-infections with malaria.
This is in contrast to other affected areas, primarily islands with limited populations, which did not report cases after the epidemic swept through, most likely because of the development of herd immunity.
The first significant urban outbreaks of chikungunya fever were documented in the early s in Bangkok [ 8 ] and from through in India [ 910 ]. However, increases in crude death rates have been reported during the — epidemics [ 52—54 ].
Even though there are reported cases of DENV and CHIKV infections in Northern Tanzania and a recent outbreak of dengue fever in some regions  very few studies have been conducted to determine the prevalence and the distribution of these diseases .
Despite their importance, the true burden of viral etiologies of fever in Tanzania is not known, and in most cases these diseases are unrecognized and treated as malaria. A few months following the outbreak in Lamu, a second outbreak occurred in the city of Mombasa.epidemiology of dengue fever in srikakulam district, andhra pradesh.
epidemiol o gy of chikungunya fever in srikakulam district. may read more. article. road fever. > Epidemiology Fact Sheets > Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) Epidemiology; Disease Prevention; Email this page; Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) download pdf.
What is the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)? CHIKV is a viral disease transmitted to people by the bites of infected mosquitoes. Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on infected persons.
Seroprevalence of Chikungunya among Febrile Patients in a Blood samples were collected from suspected cases of chikungunya fever and tested for Epidemiology of Chikungunya Fever in Srikakulam District.
Journal of Evidence based Medicine and Healthcare, 2(19). epidemiolgy of chikungunya fever in srikakulam district Introduction Chikungunya (that which bends up) is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus (arbo virus). Presumptive acute Chikungunya infection was identified in 17(%) of patients.
We observed no presenting symptoms that distinguished patients with Chikungunya. Key words: Chikungunya fever, IgM positivity, Srikakulam district. EPIDEMIOLGY OF CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER IN SRIKAKULAM DISTRICT. Introduction. Chikungunya (that which bends up) is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus (arbo virus).Download