You should take care to present the titles of your sources — full-length works, poems, essays, articles — in as clear a way as possible. Make sure that any claims you make about the text are true. Patent plagiarism will justify a fail mark in extreme cases, a mark of zero. In your essays, you may need to use a wide range of sources, including the texts on which you have been working, other relevant texts, and critical works.
In your written work, you should strive to be legible. If you use quotations, make sure that they help your argument. Brief quotations from texts or other works should be introduced by a colon and enclosed within quotation marks, as follows: When reading texts or critical works, you should take care to include in your notes page references for ideas to which you wish to refer, or for passages which you transcribe for later use.
You should also think carefully about alternative conclusions: Aim to communicate clearly and make sure to use paragraph breaks to enable your reader to follow the flow of your ideas. All essays are written with a specific question or topic in mind and relevance to the topic is a primary requirement of a successful essay.
You must make sure also to provide references for factual statements: Persuasive writing demands clear and concise expression. If you make use of points made in lectures, you should say so by including a reference in a footnote.
Finding relevant information to support your analysis and argument is one of the key skills which you will acquire in your work for further guidance, see the page devoted to French subject and information resources.
If you use a word processorit may be helpful to write a first draft of your essay by hand.
You will see in critical works that the title of a work is italicized, so as to distinguish, say, between a character in a text and the text itself: An essay also provides a reasoned justification of your point of view.
Baudelaire was convicted of offence to public morality and was fined francs see Pichois, Baudelaire Contents Style An essay is a carefully structured piece of writing.
In the course of your research and your writing, therefore, you need to think carefully about your use of sources. Try to present your ideas in an orderly way.
You should use relevant examples to justify the points you make. If you write your essay by hand, you should underline the titles of full-length works: An essay is a piece of independent work. When you use an idea or where you quote from another source, you must acknowledge this use by giving the title of the work in question and a precise page reference, which may refer, as in the example below, to a page-range: Be clear, precise and consistent in your use of the key terms in your argument e.
Your essay should also include a bibliography, or an alphabetical list of all texts and sources cited. In this case, no quotation marks are needed: Be precise in your use of texts to justify your point of view.
Avoid retelling the story. Your essay will be assessed in part according to the relevance and the cogency of your use of your sources. Submission Argument An essay is based on your own thinking and writing, and involves close discussion of the texts and other materials on which you have been working.
Contents Sources — and plagiarism The sources of all quotations and citations should be clearly noted in your essay.The phrase dictionary category 'Academic| Closing' includes English-French translations of common phrases and expressions.
In this article, I have shared a list of 30 useful French words and phrases that will help you create more sophisticated written arguments for your exam (at school or for DELF exam). If you want to learn even more, check out one of my e-books here: Improving French Vocabulary (the most complete French Vocabulary e-book available).
Research Writing; Academic Writing (Summarize the text in one paragraph) In French Language. of the teaching of writing skills in French universities since the s academic writing for first-year linguistics students.
The pedagogical In France, the question of teaching writing skills at university level is rela-tively recent.1 Until the s. Essay Writing in French Essay Writing in French In citing electronic resources, you should in the first instance follow the same general rules as for printed sources, as the following example of a reference to an item contained on the (vast) Gallica site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France indicates.
Advice on dissertation structure and dissertation writing; A useful tip on how to easily type special French characters on any keyboard; Suggestions as to where students can find additional help; Ideas on where to meet French speakers and how to get exposed to the language to improve fluency; Note: The information presented is valid as of December .Download